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  1. I added a background sound to one of my Web pages but when I view the page with Netscape Navigator the sound doesn't play.
Starting the Front Page Editor Directly

When I start FrontPage 98 it loads FrontPage Explorer. Since I'm using FP98 as a Web page editor only, is there a way to start the FrontPage Editor directly?

You would think there would be way to set FrontPage Editor as the start up application in the FrontPage Explorer's options dialog box; there isn't. You can, however, add an icon to your Windows 95 start menu that will start the Editor directly.

Start the Windows 95 Explorer (the easiest way is to right-click on the Start menu and choose Explore). Locate the directory in which FrontPage 98 was installed; this directory is probably c:\Program Files\Microsoft FrontPage. There you'll find a couple of shortcut icons (among other things); one to start the FrontPage Explorer and one for the FrontPage Editor. Click the one called FrontPage Editor and drag it to the Start button on the Windows 95 taskbar.

Tips on Using Fonts in Web Pages

FrontPage 98 includes font selection controls similar to a word processor, allowing you to use any font installed on your system in your FP98 documents. Before using non-standard fonts on your Web pages, remember that only users that have those same fonts installed on their systems will be able to view the document as you intended. In other words, if you select Viner Hand ITC as the body font for your Web page, viewers of that page must also have Viner Hand ITC installed on their systems. This problem is further complicated by the fact that most Macintosh fonts have different names than their Windows 95 equivalents.

There are three fonts that viewers of your Website are almost guaranteed to have on their systems. These are Times New Roman (a serif font and the FrontPage 98 default font), Courier New (a mono spaced font also called Courier on Macintosh systems) and Arial (a sans-serif font also called Helvetica on the Macintosh). If you want to use a font other than these three, that's okay; be sure you also add one of these three fonts after your specialized font in the tags.

Times New Roman is the default font so you don't need to do anything special to use it. Remember, anytime you want to change any text in your Web page to the default settings, select the text in the FrontPage Editor, then choose Remove Formatting from the Format menu.

If you want to use a standard sans-serif font, follow these steps to insure the document will display correctly on both Windows 95 and Macintosh based browsers:

  1. Select the text you wish to modify in the FrontPage 98 Editor.
  2. Choose Arial from the drop down font menu on the tool bar (or choose Font... from the Format menu, then choose Arial).
  3. Click the HTML tab at the bottom left of the window.
  4. Locate the section of your document that contains the tag: . Note that there may be other items in the font tag (for example, your font tag might look something like: . All we're interested in is what's between the face quotes. Leave the rest alone.
  5. After the world Arial type: ",Helvetica". Don't forget the comma. The tag should now read something like: .
  6. Go back to step 4 if you have more than one tag in the document (you probably do).
  7. Click the Normal tag to return to the standard view. That's it!

If you want to use a standard mono spaced or typewriter style font follow these steps to insure the document will display correctly on both Windows 95 and Macintosh based browsers:

  1. Select the text you wish to modify in the FrontPage 98 Editor.
  2. Choose Font... from the Format menu.
  3. Click the Typewriter check box, and choose Courier New in the Font selection box.
  4. Click the OK button. That's it!

If you want to use a non-standard font in your Web page, follow these steps to insure the document will display as closely as possible to your original design in all browsers. In this example, we will use Verdana (a popular Windows 95 sans-serif font) as the non-standard font. Substitute the font you wish for Verdana in the steps below.

  1. Select the text you wish to modify in the FrontPage 98 Editor.
  2. Choose Verdana from the drop down font menu on the tool bar (or choose Font... from the Format menu, then choose Verdana).

Because Verdana is a non-standard font, we add secondary fonts to display in the user's browser in the event they don't have Verdana installed on their computer. Verdana is a sans-serif font, so Arial is a good second choice (with Helvetica as the Macintosh equivalent). If you're using a serif font, you may want to use Times New Roman as your secondary choice.

  1. Click the HTML tab at the bottom left of the window.
  2. Locate the section of your document that contains the tag: . Note that there may be other items in the font tag (for example, your font tag might look something like: <"font color="#FFFFFF" size="1" face="Verdana">". All we're interested in is what's between the face quotes. Leave the rest alone.
  3. After the world Verdana type: ",Arial,Helvetica". Don't forget the commas. The tag should now read something like: .
  4. Go back to step 4 if you have more than one tag in the document (you probably do).
  5. Close the HTML editing window. That's it!

When you have multiple fonts listed in the face tag (for example, ), Web browsers will try to use the first font listed and if they can't find it installed in the computer they will try the second font, then the third and so on. If the browser can't find any of the fonts, the text will be displayed in the browser's default font (usually Times New Roman).

 

Personal Web Server Help

When I create a new web on the Personal Web Server it creates a page named "Default.htm". I want it to be "index.htm". Can I specify the default page name?

Web servers have the option to specify a default page that will load automatically when the user enters your domain name in their Web browser. The default page is usually something like "index.htm" or "home.htm". If you don't have a correctly named default page on your server, your users will get a directory of files instead. When you create a new web, FrontPage checks the settings on your server to determine what it should name the default page. So to change the default page name, you need to change a setting on the server and not in FrontPage.

To change the name of the default page on the Personal Web Server follow these steps:

  1. Make sure the Personal Web Server (PWS) is running. You should see a small icon in the bottom right of the task bar.
  2. Right click on the PWS icon. From the pop-up menu choose Administer. Your Web browser will start and you'll see the Personal Web Server administration page.
  3. Click the WWW Administration link, then click the Directories tab.
  4. Scroll to the bottom of the page. You'll see a check box labeled Enable Default Document. Make sure it's checked.
  5. Below the check box is a text box labeled Default Document, which is where you specify the default page name on the server. Enter the name you wish.
  6. Click the OK button at the bottom of the page.

That's it. The next time you create a new Web on your PWS, FrontPage will name the default document based on the information you entered on the PWS administration page.

While the PWS gives you only one choice for a default document name, some servers give you several. My Web space provider lets me name my default page any one of the following: index.htm, index.html, home.htm, or home.html. When I create a new web on their server, FrontPage creates a default document named "index.html". I prefer to have the default document named, "index.htm". All I need to do to fix it is rename the default document. This is easily done in the FrontPage Explorer; just right click on the document (in Folder View), then choose Rename from the pop-up menu.

 

Reposting a Data Form

I've created a WebBot Save Results form but when I tested it with Netscape Navigator I got the message, "Repost Form Data?" Is there a way to fix this?

FrontPage 98 sometimes sticks a line of code into your HTML document which causes the problem. The line looks like this: . It seems that for some reason this line causes pages in Netscape Navigator to automatically reload a second or two after they initially start loading. Normally this doesn't cause a problem, other than a quick flicker when the page is loading that is hardly noticeable. However, it does cause a problem when you're using a Save Results WebBot and a custom confirmation page.

If you don't specify a custom confirmation page in the Save Results WebBot's settings you won't have this problem. However, if you want to use a custom confirmation page (you probably should - the default page is really ugly) you can fix the problem by removing the line from that page.

Removing the offending line is easy.

  1. Choose Page Properties from the File menu.
  2. Click the Custom tab in the Page Properties dialog box.
  3. Find the offending line (as listed above) in the System Variables area. Click on it, the click on the Remove button.
  4. Click OK. That's all there is to it.

When you would remove this line with FrontPage 97, it would stick it back in whenever you opened the page again (without even asking you!). You won't have this problem in FrontPage 98.

 

Default Table Settings

Is there a way to specify the default settings of a table, so that it will be 50% in width for example?

The Insert Table button on the toolbar is a handy way to insert a table. Although it isn't apparent, changing the settings in the Insert Table dialog box sets the defaults.

Choose Insert Table... from the Table menu. Change the settings to the desired default values. Click OK. The next time you insert a table using the Insert Table button on the toolbar the table appear with the specifications you set.

If you just want to set the default settings without inserting a table, follow the directions above (which will insert a table) then click the Undo button on the toolbar. FrontPage will remember the default settings.

Inserting Trademark Caracters

I inserted a trademark character () in one of my documents but when I viewed it with Netscape Navigator it appears as ™. What's wrong?

Yet another quirk in a Microsoft product that causes problems with Netscape Navigator. Fortunately there are easy workarounds. In this case, when you insert the trademark symbol using the Symbol dialog box, FrontPage 98 inserts Microsoft's own ™ HTML markup. To correctly insert the trademark symbol you should insert an HTML markup instead. It's not WYSIWYG in the FrontPage Editor, but it works fine.

Follow these steps to insert a trademark symbol in your document:

  1. Choose FrontPage Component... from the Insert menu, then choose Insert HTML and click OK.
  2. In the HTML Markup window type these characters: ™
  3. Click OK. You'll see a yellow box with a question mark in it in your document.

Don't worry, your trademark symbol will appear correctly in Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Internet Explorer.

Word Wrap

When I type in two word proper nouns (like George Washington or Las Vegas) at the end of a line FrontPage will break them up (the second word wraps to the beginning of the next line). How can I prevent this?

You can easily keep two word proper nouns from wrapping (or any other bit of text that has a space in it) by using a "hard" space between the words.

To insert a hard space simply hold down the Ctrl and Shift keys and press the spacebar.

Single Line Spacing in Front Page

When I press return at the end of a paragraph FrontPage inserts a double space. Is there a setting I can use to have my paragraphs single spaced?

Standard HTML specifies that paragraphs will appear as double spaced. You can easily make single spaced paragraphs by inserting line breaks where you want the paragraphs to end.

To insert a line break hold down the Shift key and press Enter. You could also choose Line Break... from the Insert menu, then select Normal Line Break. Shift-Enter is obviously much easier.

Here
is
an
example.

You'll notice that when you press Shift-Enter to insert a line break, the FrontPage Editor will mark this as an arrow with a left hook. You can hide these by clicking the Show/Hide button on the toolbar. This will also hide form outlines and other guides.

Active Links

I've used the Save Results WebBot to create a guest book. I want the e-mail address and Website URLs to be active links. Is there a way to automatically do this?

There's no way to make the links active automatically, but you can do it by hand quickly and easily thanks to a feature of the FrontPage Editor.

Here's the easiest way to make a link active on an existing page.

  1. Open the desired page in the FrontPage Editor.
  2. Click just to the right of the URL or e-mail address you want to make active.
  3. Press the spacebar. FrontPage will make the URL or e-mail address into an active link.
  4. In addition to making the link active you've just added an extra space to your document. You can leave it if you wish, but if you want to delete it don't press backspace (that will "deactivate" the link). Press the left arrow key on your keyboard, then hit the Delete key.

If you're typing text into a document and you type an e-mail address or URL, the FrontPage Editor will make it into an active link as soon as you press the space bar. If you don't want it to be an active link just hit the backspace key on your keyboard. The FrontPage Editor will remove the link, but it won't delete the space after it unless you press the backspace key again.

 

Adding Background Sound to a Page

I added a background sound to one of my Web pages but when I view the page with Netscape Navigator the sound doesn't play.

You can specify a background sound from the Page Properties dialog box in the FrontPage 98 Editor. Don't use this method to add background sounds to your pages. Instead use a FrontPage 98 Plug-In.

Here's how to add a Plug-In that will play a background sound in both Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer.

  1. Upload the MIDI file to your Web server (use the Import... command in the File menu of the FrontPage 98 Explorer).
  2. Choose Page Properties... from the File menu in the FrontPage 98 Editor. Make sure the Background Sound Location field is blank.
  3. Choose Plug-In... from the Advanced submenu of the Insert menu. You'll get the Plug-In Properties dialog box.
  4. In the Data Source field enter the name of the background sound file you wish to use (you may want to click the Browse button to locate the file).
  5. Set the both the Size Height and Width fields to 18 (you could leave them at the default value of 128, but this will take up a ridiculous amount of screen space in the FrontPage 98 Editor).
  6. Click the Hide Plug-In check box (so that it's checked).
  7. Click OK.

Next, you'll need to edit the HTML of the document so that the background sound will pay automatically.

  1. Click the HTML tab at the bottom left of the window.
  2. Locate the HTML code for the plug-in. It will use the "embed" tag, and look something like this:
  3. <embed width="18" height="18" src="passport.mid" hidden>
  4. Position the insertion point just to the right of the word "hidden". Type in:
  5. autostart="true" The tag should now look something like:
  6. <embed width="18" height="18" src="passport.mid" hidden autostart="true">
  7. Click the Normal tab at the bottom left of the window.

Do not specify a background sound in the Page Properties dialog box! If you do this Internet Explorer will attempt to play the sound twice when the page loads, in which case the user will get a message something like, "Cannot play MIDI file".

 

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